Ionizing radiation is a form of energy that can cause significant damage to the structure of DNA. It is known to induce DNA breaks, particularly double-stranded breaks (DSB), and generate reactive oxygen species (ROS) that can oxidize proteins and lipids, as well as create abasic sites and single-stranded breaks (SSB). The exact molecular mechanism between ionizing radiation and cells is still not fully understood, but it is known that radiation can cause cancer by damaging DNA.
Atoms in the state of ionization and excitation, or molecules produced by ionizing radiation, are unstable and rapidly transform into free radicals and neutral molecules that result in complex chemical changes. Ionizing radiation can be divided into two categories: low dose ionizing radiation (LDIR) and high dose ionizing radiation (HDIR). The effects of these two types of radiation vary depending on the linear energy transfer (LET) of the radiation.
Cell damage caused by ionizing radiation is very complex and has generalities and specificities with respect to the different types, characters and methods of ionizing radiation. To protect yourself and your employees from the effects of ionizing radiation, consider using dosimeter badges, extremity rings, radiation fetal monitors and area detectors. We have found the best pricing for these radiation detection devices at radiationsafety.com.